Forskere: Aase-Kristine Aasen Lundberg, Bjørn Vidar Vangelsten, Kjersti Granås Bardal, Mathias Brynildsen Reinar, Maiken Bjørkan, Timothy Kevin Richardson
Forskere: Camilla Risvoll, Randi Kaarhus
The paper explores barriers for designing and implementing policies for the transition to more environmentally sustainable urban mobility, and strategies for overcoming these barriers in three Norwegian cities. Empirical data has been collected by interviewing key informants and analysing relevant documents. The findings show that there is broad political support for placing sustainable mobility high on the political agenda. Challenges appear when policy measures are designed and implemented. Cultural, legal, political, organisational, financial and knowledge-related barriers are identified. Many similar barriers are identified in the three case cities, but differences also appear. The results indicate that the size of the cities as well as the type of policy packages implemented are important factors, impacting both the type and strength of barriers. Several strategies for overcoming barriers have been implemented in the three case cities with success. The implementation of policy packages with a combination of “push” and “pull” measures is perhaps the most important strategy. In addition, using communication strategically and allowing for trials and step-by-step introduction of policy measures are success factors. Better methods for stakeholder involvement and planning tools for bicyclists and pedestrians may increase the acceptance of policy measures and speed up the transition toward sustainable mobility.
Forskere: Kjersti Granås Bardal, Arild Gjertsen, Mathias Brynildsen Reinar
Forskere: Evgueni Vinogradov, Abbas Strømmen-Bakhtiar
Forskere: Jens Ørding Hansen, Are Jensen, Nhien Nguyen
Forskere: Nhien Nguyen, Åge Mariussen, Jens Ørding Hansen
Denne rapporten er basert på en workshop som ble arrangert av forskere fra tre ulike forskningsprogram (‘Nordic
Centres of Excellence’), som fokuserer på bærekraftig utvikling i Arktis. Tim Horstkotte, Élise Lépy og Camilla Risvoll har hatt hovedansvaret for arrangementet, som fant
sted i Kiruna i Sverige i løpet av 22. - 23. mars 2018, samt
skrivingen av denne rapporten. Workshopen var en respons
på bekymringene reindriftutøvere i de tre landene har reist
vedrørende det økte behovet for å håndtere kriselignende
beiteforhold ved hjelp av tilleggsfôring. Beiteforholdene
har blitt stadig vanskeligere de siste tiårene på grunn av
både utfordrende værforhold og tap av eller mangel på tilgang til beiteområder og ‘beitero’ for reinen.
Forskere: Camilla Risvoll
Utgangspunktet for denne rapporten er Arbeidsog velferdsdirektoratets bestilling av en
kunnskapsoppsummering av relevant forskning
om hvordan tjenestedesign som metode brukes i
tjeneste- og virksomhetsutvikling i offentlig
sektor, samt erfaringer med og resultater fra bruk
av metoden, både i Norge og Internasjonalt.
Kunnskapsoppsummeringen gir innsikt i hvordan
tjenestedesign som utviklingsmetodikk påvirker
ledelse og organisasjonsutvikling i offentlig sektor.
Emneord: tjenestedesign, co-design, designtenkning,
trippel diamant innovasjon i offentlig sektor,
sosial innovasjon, organisasjonsutvikling,
Forskere: Trond Bliksvær, Atle Ødegård, Ragnhild Johnsen, Ragnhild Johnson
Forskere: Maiken Bjørkan, Petter Holm, Asgeir Aglen, Jan Andersen
Forskere: Atle Ødegård, Siv Elin Nord Sæbjørnsen, Susanne Marie Lindqvist, Frøydis Perny Vasset, Hans Petter Iversen, Anna Elisabeth Willumsen, Tore Sirnes, Synnøve Hofseth Almås
Forskere: Svein Morten Eilertsen, Inger Hansen, Johannes Karlsson
This chapter analyses experiences of violence among queer immigrants in Norway. The aim of the chapter is to explore the various experiences of violence, and how vulnerability to violence is related to the wider patterns of discrimination and juridical, economic and social marginalisation. Based on an inductive analysis of interviews with 41 lesbian, gay, bisexual, trans and intersex people with immigrant backgrounds, we have identified four key themes: 1) Sexual abuse, 2) violence in relation to coming out as queer, 3) exposure to violence within Norwegian institutions dealing with immigration and integration, and 4) racism and violence. The experiences of violence that the participants talk about include violence from family members, acquaintances, strangers and representatives of public institutions. In order to understand queer immigrants’ experiences of violence, it is necessary to focus on the interconnectedness of various forms of violence that take place in different arenas and in different relationships. Moreover, violence needs to be understood in connection to discrimination and marginalisation based on the status as
immigrant and queer.
Forskere: Helga Eggebø, Elisabeth Stubberud
Forskere: Maiken Bjørkan, Joan Baptista Company, Giulia Gorelli, Francesc Sardà, Conrad Massaguer
Forskere: Grete Kaare Hovelsrud, Aase-Kristine Aasen Lundberg, Halvor Dannevig, Kyrre Groven, Richard Bellerby, Philip Wallhead, Malinda Labriola
Forskere: Brigt Dale, Gisle Andersen, Berit Kristoffersen
Forskere: Ragnhild Holmen Waldahl, Karin Marie Antonsen, Ragnhild Johnson, Esben Søndergaard Bruun Olesen, Torill Marie Bogsnes Larsen, Ingebjørg Louise Rockwell Djupedal, Marte Tobro, Cecilie Høj Anvik, Terje Olsen, Elisabeth Årdal, madeleine kristensen, Bjørn Brastad, Tor Borgar Hansen
Forskere: Karin Marie Antonsen, Ragnhild Holmen Waldahl, Ingebjørg Louise Rockwell Djupedal, Torill Marie Bogsnes Larsen, Sara Madeleine Eriksen Kristensen, Elisabeth Årdal, Helga Bjørnøy Urke, Marte Tobro, Terje Olsen
Forskere: Kjersti Granås Bardal, Arild Gjertsen, Mathias Brynildsen Reinar
Forskere: Maiken Bjørkan, Siri Veland
There are two ways of meeting the challenges of restructuring: (1) as reactions to disruptions, market shifts or other types of turbulence that come as a surprise, or (2) proactively, by continuously enhancing the capacity to explore new opportunities and develop new products and areas of business through diversification and innovation (Mariussen et al., 2018). The reactive strategy often involves an over-reliance on the exploitation of existing technologies, markets and products; while the proactive strategy using innovation and a co-creation approach can lead to sustainable development and growth. To proactively restructure the economy, a country should search for the new domains of knowledge, business, industry to confer the ability and capacity to change before the economic situation becomes desperate. The search process is best undertaken jointly between the innovators, that is, innovation firms, entrepreneurs, researchers, and other parts of the innovation system, such as the government and organizations promoting innovation policy. This allows a stronger emphasis on exploration through partnerships between policy makers, entrepreneurs, and scholars, which is the core idea of the smart specialisation approach.
This chapter discusses a proactive approach to economic restructuring and growth, specifically, smart specialisation. The study begins by introducing several approaches to, and strategies of, economic growth, such as diversification and the complexity model. The complexity concept in this model is one of complicated composition rather than complex systemic behaviour (Price, 2004; see also extensive discussions in Chapters 7 and 9 in this volume Aasen, 2018; Virkkala and Mariussen, 2018). To facilitate this point of departure the chapter uses secondary data from the Atlas of Economic Complexity (Hausmann and Pritchett, 2018) to illustrate a gap in these theories. Next, we use smart specialisation theory to explain this gap, and how its mechanism, the entrepreneurial discovery process (EDP), can contribute to economic growth in advanced countries. One of the important conditions for EDP to work is the ambidextrous capability of firms to explore new domains and exploit current strengths at the same time. Norway is used as an illustration case.
Forskere: Nhien Nguyen, Åge Mariussen