• Forskere: Atle Ødegård, Marie Aakjær, Charlotte Wegener, Anna Elisabeth Willumsen, Marianne Storm, Anne Marie Lunde Husebø, Charlotte Wegener
  • Forskere: Are Jensen, Nhien Nguyen, Jens Ørding Hansen
  • Forskere: Trond Bliksvær, Janne Irén Paulsen Breimo
  • Ensuring sustainable carnivore populations while simultaneously sustaining active and viable pastoral communities often creates conflicts that are difficult to resolve. This article examines how different knowledge systems meet and interact in large carnivore governance in Norway and Sweden. Drawing on a broad range of sources, including observations in meetings, public documents, reports and interviews, in addition to local and national newspaper clippings and internet sites, we study two processes of regional carnivore management (Nordland, Norway and Jämtland, Sweden). We explore how different forms of knowledge have been mobilized, reproduced, transferred and legitimized in policies and regulations in these two processes. Furthermore, we examine the interplay between scientific and experience-based knowledge at different levels and scales in both countries. In Norway, “clear zoning” has been established as a basic management instrument to achieve national “population goals” for carnivores. We show how the locally situated knowledge – in our account represented through the Regional Large Carnivore Committee (RLCC), which includes political parties’ and Sami Parliament representatives – experiences real barriers by being overruled by the national Ministry of Climate and Environment, 2016 in their process of revising the carnivore management plan (CMP). In Sweden where the management of large carnivores is devolved to regional authorities and stakeholder-based Wildlife Management Delegations (WMDs), attempts to regionally solve conflicts are often overthrown by the national environmental protection agency or through court cases initiated by the environmental movement. Hence, compromises that potentially could solve conflicts are undermined. The analysis shows that while carnivore governance in both countries are founded on decentralized management authority at the regional level, local actors struggle for their views, experiences and knowledge to be acknowledged and counted as valid in the management process. While the decentralized management model opens for inclusion of different knowledge systems, this system has yet to acknowledge the challenges of knowledge being dismissed or marginalized across governance levels and scales.
    Forskere: Annelie Sjölander-Lindqvist, Camilla Risvoll, Randi Kaarhus, Aase-Kristine Aasen Lundberg, Camilla Sandström
  • Norsk og europeisk forskingspolitikk legg opp til store samarbeidsprosjekt på tvers av land, disiplinar og institusjonar, og dette krev gode metodar for samarbeid i alle delar av forskingsprosessen. Men i metodelitteraturen blir analyse som regel framstilt som ein individuell prosess, og kollektivt analysearbeid ser ut til å vera unntaket heller enn regelen. Føremålet med denne artikkelen er å bidra til metodeutvikling ved å presentera ein framgangsmåte eg har nytta i fleire forskingsprosjekt, og som eg har vald å kalla «kollektiv kvalitativ analyse». Metoden har fire trinn: 1) felles gjennomgang av datamaterialet, 2) temakartlegging, 3) temagruppering og 4) disposisjon og arbeidsplan. Eg nyttar døme frå eigne forskings- og analyseprosessar for å forklara metoden. Kollektiv kvalitativ analyse er startpunktet for analysen, og føremålet er å skapa rom for ein kreativ analytisk prosess kor me kan korrigera og vidareutvikla tolkingar og læra av kvarandre. Målet med artikkelen er å bidra til – og oppfordra andre til å ta del i – utviklinga av kollektive analysemetodar.
    Forskere: Helga Eggebø
  • Forskere: Kjersti Granås Bardal, Merete Kvamme Fabritius, Trond Bliksvær
  • Forskere: Atle Ødegård, Stål Bjørkly
  • Forskere: Kjersti Granås Bardal
  • Forskere: Maiken Bjørkan, Svein Morten Eilertsen
  • This article focus is on the perceived impact that aquaculture industry has on coastal communities in Northern Norway. Here, aquaculture is key industry with natural, social and economic impacts. In natural resource management in general, identifying and monitoring the perceived social impacts can be a useful tool for local planning. In order to ensure the blue growth goals of the Norwegian government and avoid conflict and mistrust in the future, it is important to understand how both the general public and stakeholders perceive the aqua-culture industry, how it affects them and its use of space in the coastal zone. Hence, we ask a) how do coastal communities perceive the aquaculture industry and b) is there a legitimacy gap between the blue growth stra-tegies of the Norwegian Government and the public? In order to answer these questions, we lean on theories related to legitimacy and stakeholder’s participation. Original data were collected from structured (N =150) and semi-structured interviews (N =10) in two coastal communities in Northern Norway (Alstahaug and Brønnøy). Our findings suggest that a legitimacy gap does exist between blue growth goals and fishers in the communities studied, while the general citizen holds a positive attitude towards aquaculture. Insights from this study are useful for local, regional and national decision makers with responsibility for natural resource policies and development efforts.
    Forskere: Maiken Bjørkan, Svein Morten Eilertsen
  • Forskere: Tone Magnussen
  • Forskere: Karl Jan Solstad
  • Forskere: Helga Eggebø, Anja Bredal, Astrid M.A Eriksen
  • Forskere: Ingrid Agathe Bay-Larsen, Tone Gjesdal Bjørndal, Erlend Andre T. Hermansen
  • Forskere: Julia Olsen, Leticia Antunes Nogueira, Anne Katrine Meinich Normann, Bjørn Vidar Vangelsten, Ingrid Agathe Bay-Larsen
  • Forskere: Helga Eggebø, Anne Balke Staver
  • Forskere: Trond Bliksvær, Morten Balle Hansen, Tilde Marie Bertelsen, Christian Lindholst, Bente Vibecke Lunde, Rolf Solli, Maria Wolmesjö
  • Forskere: Kjersti Granås Bardal, Trond Bliksvær, Merete Kvamme Fabritius, Gisle Solvoll
  • Forskere: Maiken Bjørkan, Stine Rybråten, Aase-Kristine Aasen Lundberg
  • Failure is an inevitable feature of innovation, and management research promulgates the importance of learning from it. Key to excelling at an innovation‐based strategy is understanding the processes that can turn failures into successes. However, post‐failure success remains elusive. Although failure signals that the innovation journey is off course, shifting trajectory is difficult, because it may require revising assumptions and reformulating the project’s problem representation. Using comparative case studies, this study set out to understand how problem representations are reformulated. Employing case method and comparing data versus theory iteratively, the important role of sensemaking and of leadership behaviors in driving post‐failure success became salient. Findings show that problem representations post‐failure require a process of problem formulation characterized by sensemaking and that innovative solutions are enabled by the reformulation of problem representations that spring from prospective sensemaking. Furthermore, this article identifies leadership change behavior as the linchpin driving a problem formulation process characterized by prospective sensemaking that catalyzes innovative solutions and explains why some projects thrive post‐failure and others do not. This article provides empirical support to the theoretical work of the literature on problem formulation, while extending the learning‐from‐failure literature by emphasizing and demonstrating the process driving post‐failure success. The major implication of our study is that different leadership behaviors may foster different types of sensemaking (retrospective or prospective), and that, in turn, the type of sensemaking matters for how a problem is reformulated. Ultimately, this article concludes that in the context of project failure, problem reformulation that springs from prospective sensemaking enables innovative solutions post‐failure.
    Forskere: Nhien Nguyen, Marta Morais-Storz, Alf Steinar Sætre